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Successes and Opportunities for Growth in Baby Friendly Hospital & Baby Tent Initiatives in Haiti: A Literature Review

by Marcda Hilaire, BA, MPH, CLC, IBCLC, RLC
  • Duration: 60 Mins
  • Credits: 0.5 CERP, 0.5 L-CERP
  • Learning Format: Webinar
  • Handout: No
  • Origin: GOLD Lactation
Abstract:

Background: According to the World Health Organization, suboptimal breastfeeding contributes to 1.45 million deaths in developing countries. Haiti, the first black Republic has had various initiatives to promote breastfeeding. While 97% of Haitian-born neonates are ever breastfed (Ministry of Public Health, 2013), initiation within the first hour of birth is only slightly more than half (46.7% in 2008-2012, MIH). Exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months was 39.7% (2008-2012 data in MIH).Various initiatives have been implemented to promote breastfeeding in Haiti.

Objectives: The purpose of this presentation is to analyze and evaluate the implementation of baby tents and baby friendly hospitals in Haiti through a literature review.

Findings: The literature has a limited scope of methodical research for these initiatives. Baby tents increased exclusive breastfeeding through psychosocial support, breastfeeding counseling, and nutrition training of health professionals. Baby Friendly hospitals have increased breastfeeding initiation but have limited recertification status. The literature indicates a sustainability and supportive infrastructure which is feasible through global partnerships, culturally appropriate trainings for health professionals, and fostering peer-to-peer support.

Learning Objectives:

Objective 1: Evaluate breastfeeding rates in Haiti;

Objective 2: Discuss the contributions of baby tents in breastfeeding promotion during natural disasters in Haiti;

Objective 3: List the strengths and limitations of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative in Haiti;

Objective 4: Discuss opportunities for culturally appropriate sustainable breastfeeding initiatives.


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Presentations: 29  |  Hours / CE Credits: 26  |  Viewing Time: 8 Weeks