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A Neuroprotective Approach to Reduce the Risk for Intraventricular Hemorrhage (IVH) In ELBW Neonates

by Sandy Jose, DNP, APRN, NNP-BC
  • Duration: 60 Mins
  • Credits: 1 CERP, 1 R-CERP, 1 Nursing Contact Hours, 1 CME
  • Handout: Yes

Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is a devastating and debilitating diagnosis commonly seen in premature neonates. Statistics indicate that 45% of extremely premature infants with very low birth weight develop IVH within the first week of life. IVH is associated with numerous acute and long-term neurologic and psychiatric complications. Additionally, it has led to a progressive increase in hospital costs and length of hospitalization.

IVH is multifactorial, but it is primarily attributed to the intrinsic fragility of the germinal matrix vasculature from prematurity and disturbances in the cerebral blood flow (CBF) from commonly seen complications in premature neonates. Seminal research studies support neurodevelopmental positioning (NDP) of high-risk preterm infants as a postnatal preventive approach to reduce the risk for IVH. Hospitals with low IVH rates utilize NDP.

Learning Objectives:

1. Describe the incidence, risk factors, and complications associated with IVH.

2. Explain the different grades of IVH.

3. Describe the benefits of neurodevelopmental positioning to reduce risk for IVH.

Presentations: 14  |  Hours / CE Credits: 14.5  |  Viewing Time: 8 Weeks