Infant Sleep

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United Kingdom Prof. Helen Ball, BSc, MA, PhD

Professor Helen Ball is Head of Anthropology at Durham University in the UK. She has been researching infant sleep for the past 20 years, concentrating on the sleep ecology of infants, young children and their parents. She has conducted research in hospitals and the community, and contributes to national and international policy and practice guidelines on infant care. Last year Professor Ball received an award for Outstanding Impact in Society for her research from the UK’s Economic and Social Research Council. She pioneers the translation of academic research into evidence for use by parents and healthcare staff via the Infant Sleep Information Source website.

United Kingdom Prof. Helen Ball, BSc, MA, PhD
Abstract:

The sleep of young babies is biologically driven, firstly by feeding patterns and the limitations of brain development, and over time by an emerging circadian clock. The sleep patterns of parents are environmentally driven, by work and social schedules, 24-hour culture and use of digital technology. How do parents ‘manage’ night-time infant care and the sleep conflicts inherent in contemporary life? How are digital media influencing parental knowledge, expectations, and behaviour? Our research finds an emerging dichotomy in maternal ‘sleep narratives’ that are reinforced by the use of phone apps to monitor and manage infant sleep, online discussions where mothers share their experiences and techniques, and websites promoting infant sleep products. The potential for using digital media to inform parents about babies’ biological needs at night will be explored using examples from our experiences of developing and implementing website, phone app, social media and video podcast information sources for infant sleep.

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Presentations: 5  |  Hours / CE Credits: 5  |  Viewing Time: 4 Weeks
Hours / Credits: 1 (details)
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U.S.A. Kathleen Kendall-Tackett, Ph.D., IBCLC, FAPA

Dr. Kendall-Tackett is a health psychologist, International Board Certified Lactation Consultant, and Owner and Editor-in-Chief of Praeclarus Press, a small press specializing in women's health. She is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association in the Divisions of Health and Trauma Psychology, Clinical Associate Professor of Pediatrics at the Texas Tech University School of Medicine in Amarillo, Texas, and Research Associate at the Crimes against Children Research Center at the University of New Hampshire. She is Editor-in-Chief of Clinical Lactation,and a founding Associate Editor of Psychological Trauma. She received (with Tom Hale) the 2011 John Kennell and Marshall Klaus Award for Excellence in Research from DONA International.

U.S.A. Kathleen Kendall-Tackett, Ph.D., IBCLC, FAPA
Abstract:

Policy makers often describe mother-infant sleep in fairly black-and-white terms, and try to condense their message into a single declarative statement: don’t sleep with your baby. Recent research, however, shows that mother-infant sleep is considerably more complex than it is usually portrayed. This presentation discusses new findings from the U.S. sample of the Survey of Mothers’ Sleep and Fatigue (n=4789). These findings describe the groups most likely to bedshare including differences by ethnic-group, income, employment status, partner status, maternal age, income, and education. There are substantial ethnic-group differences on the percentage of mothers who feed in chairs and recliners (e.g., African American mothers have very low rates of these dangerous behaviors). There are also large ethnic-group differences in where mothers and their partners think babies should sleep, and this will govern behavior. Using the full sample of the Survey (N=6410), this presentation also examines sleep location by feeding status. Breastfeeding/bedsharing mothers do the best of all groups on measures of sleep, depression, and anxiety. In contrast, formula-feeding/bedsharing mothers do worse on every measure, suggesting that bedsharing while breastfeeding is a very different physiological condition to bedsharing while formula-feeding. In summary, the findings of both analyses suggest that a single message for all groups will not be effective. It is important to take into account the many different ways that mothers and babies sleep in order to promote safe mother-infant sleep.

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Presentations: 5  |  Hours / CE Credits: 5  |  Viewing Time: 4 Weeks
Hours / Credits: 1 (details)
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USA Diane Wiessinger, MS, IBCLC, La Leche League Leader

Diane Wiessinger, MS, IBCLC, is a co-author, with Diana West, Linda Smith, and Teresa Pitman, of La Leche League International’s Sweet Sleep Nighttime and Naptime Strategies for the Breastfeeding Family. She is also a co-author, with Diana West and Teresa Pitman, of the 8th edition of LLLl's Womanly Art of Breastfeeding. Other publications include chapters in Genna's Supporting Sucking Skills in Breastfeeding Infants and Smith's The ABC's of Private Practice, and journal articles and essays on latching, lip ties, D-MER, motherhood in other mammals, and breastfeeding language. Diane self-publishes more than 75 breastfeeding handouts for mothers. She has spoken in over 40 states and provinces and in Europe, Asia, and Oceania.

USA Diane Wiessinger, MS, IBCLC, La Leche League Leader
Abstract:

Many health care workers advocate a no-bedsharing policy, no exceptions. Others recognize that most breastfeeding mothers will share sleep with their babies at times, safely or unsafely; may even have bedshared themselves; and feel they lack the tools to help prevent unsafe shared sleep. Still others recommend safe bedsharing as the normal and easiest way to meet a baby’s needs and facilitate breastfeeding. The Safe Sleep Seven offers a middle ground: Seven research-supported criteria which, if met, offer a level of bedsharing safety equivalent to crib safety. For those mothers who don’t meet the criteria, it provides a simple way for them to make educated decisions about their family’s nighttime parenting. And it helps every non-bedsharing breastfeeding mother “child-proof” her bed so that it is as safe as possible if there’s a night when she just can’t stay awake to nurse.

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Presentations: 5  |  Hours / CE Credits: 5  |  Viewing Time: 4 Weeks
Hours / Credits: 1 (details)
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Wendy Middlemiss is an Associate Professor of Educational Psychology at the University of North Texas. She has conducted research and engaged in applied education practices in the areas of infant sleep, parent education, and family well-being. Her academic training and research has crossed areas of family-community interaction, developmental theory, and educational psychology, all with a focus on how to share information in a manner that supports children’s and families’ development. Dr. Middlemiss has completed research in New Zealand and Australia and has formed research exchange programs in these countries. Dr. Middlemiss’ work focuses on how to construct culturally sensitive, developmentally appropriate educational or intervention programs. Dr. Middlemiss has been a CFLE for over 20 years.

Abstract:

Understanding infant sleep patterns and how they will change in the first year, was well as whether certain patterns could be cause for concern, is important in helping parents create supportive care practices in the first months and year of life. With this understanding, then, practitioners and parents can use the information about what is essential to create healthy, personally viable care practices. In this presentation, we will identify normative sleep and feeding practices, identify what is essential for infants, examine current research findings and often-heard parenting advice, and translate this information into best practice by focusing on how parents can use this information to provide developmentally supportive care. This will provide parents and practitioners the tools to adapt practices to infants’ needs across family settings. Parents with different family and infant needs can find ways to adapt the essentials of care to support their child.

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Presentations: 5  |  Hours / CE Credits: 5  |  Viewing Time: 4 Weeks
This presentation is currently available through a bundled series of lectures.